This study has collected data using a range of interview and survey methods, across four study areas working with specific marginalised groups and the relevant services.

On this page:

Summary of participants and data

This table summarises the amount and kind of data collected by the study, as of the end of October 2020.

Criminal justice affecteddomestic abuse & sexual violencedisability & health conditionsrefugee & asylum
– those in prison
– those under supervision
– family members of those in prison
– staff working in orgs supporting them

– survivors DA and SV
– staff in orgs supporting them
– those living with disability and health conditions
– boosted sample of those with diabetes
– those involved in refugee/asylum process, and/or facing destitution
– staff in orgs suporting them
Surveys and letters
– prisoner surveys
– prisoner letters
Secondary data
– partner community consultation
Secondary data
– partner focus groups with survivors
Secondary data
– surveys conducted by partners
Secondary data
– surveys conducted by partners
Mostly menAlmost all womenSlightly more womenMostly women


As of the end of October 2020, this included around 140 interviews, nearly 90 prisoner surveys and letters and over 60 responses from organisations, totalling 290 unique sources of qualitative data, in addition to secondary data from 20 partners. Participants and data came from all over Scotland, with the majority in the central belt area.

Download this summary as a PDF:

Summary of participants and data (PDF)

Survey of organisations

As part of the study we designed and distributed a survey for organisations. This targeted services in our four study areas (CJS, DASV, DHC, RAD). The survey was open from 28 July – 5 October.

The survey explored five broad areas:

  1. Organisational size, target group and funding
  2. Services provided and how these have changed since the pandemic started
  3. Information and concerns about the people organisations work with
  4. Changes in the wider organisational and policy landscape
  5. Further views, including positives of lockdown and messages for government

Here is some information about the survey and respondents.

  • Number of responses: We received a total of 63 responses from 56 different organisations
  • Dates of completion: Most surveys were completed in the month of August (43) and September (16)
  • Main field of work: The main study area that respondents worked in is shown in the table. Many organisations worked in more than one area and we identified a main category of service. There were some organisations that worked more generally with BAME women or in community development. There were two responses where category of work was not clear.
Number of organisational responsesNumber of individual Responses
BAME women33
Community Devel33
  • Respondents by role: 33 (55%) worked in a chief executive or senior management (police or strategy) role, and 27 (45%) worked in or managed direct services.
  • Gender of respondents: Inferred from names where provided suggesting 34 women, 7 men and 22 unknown
  • Third sector: Most respondents worked in registered charitable organisations or social enterprise. There were 7 responses from local authorities/statutory services.
  • Geographic range of services: Respondents skewed toward urban/suburban (86%) locations, especially Glasgow (43%) and West of Scotland (61%); service areas primarily were local/regional (79%) rather than national (27%) availability of services.
Region% (n=56)Number
Outside central belt16%15
West of Scotland61%34
Totals do not add to 100 because some organisations are both national and local in terms of services